Repeated, periodic attacks that begin with sensory changes such as zigzag lines, blind spots, or flashing lights that block normal vision. These nervous system changes are followed by headache lasting 4-72 hours in addition to nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity or sound sensitivity.

Diagnostic criteria

In order to receive a diagnosis of Migraine with aura, a person must experience at least two attacks in which symptoms meet the following criteria.

One or more aura symptoms 5-60 minutes prior to the onset of headache.

  • Visual – wavy lines, blind spots, or flashing lights in the visual field
  • Sensory – tingling or numbness of skin
  • Aphasia – inability to correctly form words or word loss
  • Motor – unsteady gait, imbalance, or clumsiness

The aura meets at least two of these characteristics:

  • One aura spreads over 15 minutes and/or two different auras occur in succession.
  • Each aura lasts 5-60 minutes.
  • At least one aura occurs on only one side of the body.
  • Within 60 minutes, a headache follows the aura.
  • The headache is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, increased light sensitivity, and/or sound sensitivity.


Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS) (2013). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta version). Cephalalgia 2013; 33: 9-807.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.